Customizing task resources#

When defining a task function, you can specify resource requirements for the pod that runs the task. Union will take this into account to ensure that the task pod is scheduled to run on a Kubernetes node that meets the specified resource profile.

Resources are specified in the @task decorator. Here is an example:

from flytekit.extras.accelerators import A100

    requests=Resources(mem="120Gi", cpu="44", gpu="8", storage="100Gi", ephemeral_storage="100Gi"),
    limits=Resources(mem="200Gi", cpu="100", gpu="12", storage="200Gi", ephemeral_storage="200Gi"),
def my_task()

There are three separate resource-related settings:

  • requests

  • limits

  • accelerator

The requests and limits settings#

The requests and limits settings each takes a Resource object, which itself has five possible attributes:

  • cpu: Number of CPU cores (in whole numbers or millicores (m)).

  • gpu: Number of GPU cores (in whole numbers or millicores (m)).

  • mem: Main memory (in Mi, Gi, etc.).

  • storage: Storage (in Mi, Gi etc.).

  • ephemeral_storage: Ephemeral storage (in Mi, Gi etc.).

Note that CPU and GPU allocations can be specified either as whole numbers or in millicores (m). For example cpu="2" means 2 CPU cores and gpu="3500m", meaning three and a half GPU cores.

The requests setting tells the system that the task requires at least the resources specified and therefore the pod running this task should be scheduled only on a node that meets or exceeds the resource profile specified.

The limits setting serves as a hard upper bound on the resource profile of nodes to be scheduled to run the task. The task will not be scheduled on a node that exceeds the resource profile specified (in any of the specified attributes).

GPUs take only limits

GPUs should only be specified in the limits section of the task decorator:

  • You should specify GPU requirements only in limits, not in requests, because Kubernetes will use the limits value as the requests value anyway.

  • You can specify GPU in both limits and requests but the two values must be equal.

  • You cannot specify GPU requests without specifying limits.

The accelerator setting#

The accelerator setting further specifies the specifies the type of specialized hardware required for the task. This may be a GPU, a specific variation of a GPU, a fractional GPU, or a different hardware device, such as a TPU.

See Accelerators for more information.

Task resource validation#

If you attempt to execute a workflow with unsatisfiable resource requests, the execution will fail immediately rather than being allowed to queue forever.

To remedy such a failure, you should make sure that the appropriate node types are:

  • Physically available in your cluster, meaning you have arranged with the Union team to include them when configuring your data plane.

  • Specified in the task decorator (via the requests, limits, accelerator, or other parameters).

Go to the Usage > Compute dashboard to find the available node types and their resource profiles. To make changes to your cluster configuration, go to the Union Support Portal. This portal also accessible from Usage > Compute through the Adjust Configuration button:

See also Customizing Task Resources in the Flyte OSS docs.

The with_overrides method#

When requests, limits, or accelerator are specified in the @task decorator, they apply every time that a task is invoked from a workflow. In some cases, you may wish to change the resources specified from one invocation to another. To do that, use the with_overrides method of the task function. For example:

def my_task(ff: FlyteFile):

def my_workflow():
    my_task(ff=bigFile).withoverrides(requests=Resources(mem="120Gi", cpu="10"))